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[83], The hibernating American black bear does not display the same rate of muscle and bone atrophy relative to other nonhibernatory animals that are subject to long periods of inactivity due to ailment or old age. Approximately 25,000 polar bears live in the northern regions of Canada, Alaska, Russia, Norway and Greenland. New Jersey, in November 2010, approved a six-day bear-hunting season in early December 2010 to slow the growth of the American black bear population. [5][page needed] American black bears living in areas near human settlements or around a considerable influx of recreational human activity often come to rely on foods inadvertently provided by humans, especially during summertime. [114] Anecdotal cases of alligator predation on American black bears have been reported, though such cases may involve assaults on cubs. Brown bear, (Ursus arctos), shaggy-haired bear (family Ursidae) native to Europe, Asia, and northwestern North America. [139][page needed], American black bear fat was once valued as a cosmetic article that promoted hair growth and gloss. They regularly climb trees to feed, escape enemies and hibernate. In the northeast part of the range (United States and Canada), prime habitat consists of a forest canopy of hardwoods such as beech, maple, birch and coniferous species. [136] In the western states, where there are large American black bear populations, there are spring and year-round seasons. It has also been shown that ambient light exposure and low disturbance levels (that is to say, wild bears in ambient light conditions) directly correlate with their activity levels. carealot. The vestigial tail is usually 4.8 inches (120 mm) long. 62. The hunting methods and seasons vary greatly according to state, with some bear hunting seasons including fall only, spring and fall, or year-round. They can be black, brown, cinnamon, blond, blue-gray, or white. … [57][page needed] The Kutchin typically hunted American black bears during their hibernation cycle. There are three types of bears (or species) in North America. [5][page needed][39] Many of these will stealthily snatch small cubs right from under the sleeping mother. [125][126], The majority of attacks happened in national parks, usually near campgrounds, where the bears had habituated to close human proximity and food. [120][page needed], Morris Michtom, the creator of the teddy bear, was inspired to make the toy when he came across a cartoon of Theodore Roosevelt refusing to shoot an American black bear cub tied to a tree. Factors effecting this include temperature, flooding, and hunger. [68][69][70][page needed] American black bears often mark trees using their teeth and claws as a form of communication with other bears, a behavior common to many species of bears. The American black bear's generalist behavior allowed it to exploit a wider variety of foods and has been given as a reason why, of these three genera, it alone survived climate and vegetative changes through the last Ice Age while the other, more specialized North American predators became extinct. [60] Honey, the female, weighed 219.6 kg (484 lb) in the fall of 2007. Lauren Bearcall, V.I.B. An average male weighs 136 kg (300 lb). American black bears may attempt to cover remains of larger carcasses, though they do not do so with the same frequency as cougars and grizzly bears. [1], Sows usually produce their first litter at the age of three to five years,[42] with those living in more developed areas tending to get pregnant at younger ages. A strong swimmer, the American black bear is able to swim more than 5 miles . It was once so common an article of food in New-York as to have given the name of Bear Market to one of the principal markets of the city. They are sometimes attracted to human communities because of the immediate availability of food. Exhausted from their journey, the bears rested on the shoreline and fell sound asleep. Favored crops include apples, oats and corns. [50] In New York, the two sexes reportedly average 135 kg (298 lb) and 74 kg (163 lb), respectively. [45][46] In Great Smoky Mountains National Park, adult males averaged 112 kg (247 lb) and adult females averaged 47 kg (104 lb) per one study. The North American Bear Center is the only black bear and wildlife educational facility of its kind. 11K likes. [125] Attempts to relocate American black bears are typically unsuccessful, as the bears seem able to return to their home range, even without familiar landscape cues. Muffy Vanderbear Kitchen Stove Jam Session Plus Accessories See Description. Is not recommended to use unleashed dogs to deter bear attacks, encounters. 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