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the history of this tool, it becomes understandable why Europeans and especially Germans are often such fervent advocates of the plough, which has turned out to be the most frequently used symbol of agriculture worldwide. 9 Agriculture in British India • Agriculture was more or less stagnant during this period. the history of this tool, it becomes understandable why Europeans and especially Germans are often such fervent advocates of the plough, which has turned out to be the most frequently used symbol of agriculture worldwide. /Im0 Do q Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. 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Agriculture maintains a biological equilibrium in nature. The origins of agriculture occurred from about 10 000 years ago in certain suitable regions, known as “core areas” or “nuclear zones.” The key factor in this process was the biological domestication of targeted plants and animals through selective breeding and other forms of selection (see Domestication and Development of Plant Cultivars). It aims to demonstrate that domestication and the origin of agricultural systems are best understood by attempting to explicate the evolutionary forces that affected that development of domesticates and agricultural systems. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. 2y�.-;!���K�Z� ���^�i�"L��0���-�� @8(��r�;q��7�L��y��&�Q��q�4�j���|�9�� %PDF-1.5 %���� n�3ܣ�k�Gݯz=��[=��=�B�0FX'�+������t���G�,�}���/���Hh8�m�W�2p[����AiA��N�#8$X�?�A�KHI�{!7�. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Rice was just one of the many species domesticated around the world. J� �����`��ѫ����C��,��>����Ϳ�? The artistic genius engendered by the Egyptian craftsmen, the superb condition of many burial chambers, and the dry climate have made it possible to reconstruct a history of agricultural technology. The domestication of plants and the origins of agriculture was a pivotal transition in human history, which occurred several times independently around the world. H���yTSw�oɞ����c [���5la�QIBH�ADED���2�mtFOE�.�c��}���0��8�׎�8G�Ng�����9�w���߽��� �'����0 �֠�J��b� For over a million years Origins and History of Agriculture in the Indian Sub-continent The origin of agriculture in India is obscure. The Shift to Agriculture. The studies of the origin of different cultivated plants led Vavilov to the establishment of new concepts, i.e. Origin and expansion of agriculture and dome sti-cation of animals Two questions regarding domestication and agriculture expansion have long hounded archaeologists, paleoeco - logists and paleoclimatologists. 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