Originally designed as a Hawkins-class heavy cruiser and laid down under the name Cavendish, she was converted into an aircraft carrier while still building. Hawkins' 7.5" guns don't have much range advantage over the Jervis Bay's 6" and probably won't do lethal damage to Scheer. Blackberry_seed. It maybe DoA but at least it'll see lower BR battles could be worse like with the KMS Leipzig (OOF), similar was the Sevtlana class cruiser Kraznyi Krym or the Hawkins class HMS Hawkins â¦ Launched 1.10.17 Chatham DY. HMS Hawkins & HMS London (County Class) heavy cruisers teased on Facebook. The following year, she was transferred to the Indian Ocean where she played a small role in the East African campaign in early 1941. (Her Majesty Ship) Hawkins, launched on October 1, 1917 during the First World War, entered service on July 25, 1919. Hawkins 55000 HP, Effingham and Frobisher 65000 HP : Notes on class: HMS Effingham was re-armed as light cruiser in 1937/38 she received nine 6" guns, of which three were fitted in a super firing arrangement forward, two abeam amidships, and three in a widely separated arrangement aft. Hawkins was decommissioned again in May 1930 and reâ¦ The first HAWKINS fought the Armada. Light Cruiser, Hawkins or Cavendish-class. The ship was now equipped with the 15-inch rangefinder in the HACS director and three 12-inch rangefinders. HMS HAWKINS. In 1915, a new design of cruiser was prepared for trade protection on distant waters, for which a heavy armament, long range and high speed was required; meaning a large ship. The development of director firing made the planned armament obsolete, as director control relies on "straddles" in which some shells in a given salvo are seen to fall short of the target and some long. The Royal Navy decided to convert her back into a training ship while she was under repair, but that work was cancelled in 1945. The three ships remaining as cruisers in 1939 served in the Second World War, with Effingham being an early war loss through wreck; this was unusual since Raleigh was lost in a similar shipwreck on uncharted rocks in 1922 (and Vindictive was nearly lost to grounding in 1919). The Hawkins-class cruisers were designed to be able to hunt down commerce raiders in the open ocean, for which they needed a heavy armament, high speed and long range. Their magazines were protected by an additional 0.5 to 1 inch (13 to 25 mm) of armour. The vessel was sold for scrap later that year. She had a 100-foot (30 m) flying-off platform forwards and a 215-foot (66 m) landing deck aft and a hangar for up to eight aircraft. The ships' deck protection consisted of 1 to 1.5 inches of high-tensile steel. Recomposition of the 1930s. She bombarded German coastal defences on 6 June, but was paid off in July. HMS Hood and crew. Displacement: 12,190tons Length: 184m Beam: 18m British naval ship classes of the First World War, British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Hawkins-class_cruiser?oldid=2624824, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Ten Yarrow-type oil-fired water-tube boilers (eight oil, two coal-fired in, 31 knots (57.4 km/h) (30 knots (55.6 km/h), 5,400 nmi (10,000 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h), 7 x BL 7.5 inch Mark VI in single mounts CP Mk.V, 2 x submerged & 4 x fixed above water 21 inch. Hawkins served as flagship, 5th LCS, on the China Station from 1919 until 12 November 1928, when she paid off at Chatham for refit. Hawkins class heavy cruisers 5 built. Their lineage descended through an intermediate sketch design of 1912 known as the "Atlantic Cruiser", armed with a combination of 7.5 and 6 inch (190 and 152 mm) guns, designed to counter reported large Germancruisers armed with 170 mm (6.8 inch) gunsâ¦ And Hawkins only has a 2 knot speed advantage over Sheer (when new in 1918, may be less by 1940). The convoy arrived at Durban on 12 December 1940 escorted by HMS Devonshire. The Hawkins design was basically a light cruiser enlarged sufficiently to increase their range and armament as required. 66–67; Raven & Roberts, p. 404, Friedman, p. 416; Morris, p. 170; Raven & Roberts, p. 430, "Fifth Light Cruiser Squadron (Royal Navy)", Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Hawkins_(D86)&oldid=993656616, World War II cruisers of the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 6,768 nmi (12,534 km; 7,788 mi) at 10 knots, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 19:51. Hawkinsâ British Tier V cruiser. The last four served as anti-aircraft (AA) guns and were positioned around the base of the mainmast. Their lineage descended through an intermediate sketch design of 1912 known as the "Atlantic Cruiser", armed with a combination of 7.5 and 6 inch (190 and 152 mm) guns, designed to counter reported large Germancruisers armed with 170 mm (6.8 inch) gunsâ¦  Hawkins carried enough fuel oil and coal to give her a range of 5,640 nautical miles (10,450 km; 6,490 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). She was armed with four 7.5 inch and six 12 pounder guns. Seen here on 8 August 1922, aground on the rocks at Point Amour (L'Anse Amour, or Love Cove), Newfoundland and Labrador. The pioneering ship that led the way for a later class of heavy cruisers. The ships were also fitted with one 12-foot (3.7 m) and a 9-foot (2.7 m) rangefinder.  Hawkins was transferred to the British Iron & Steel Corporation on 26 August 1947 and broken up in December that year at the Arnott Young scrapyard at Dalmuir, Scotland. Full title reads: "HMS Hawkins Down At Rio".Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. These ships did not suit the Royal Navy's post-World War I needs well, as Britain needed numbers of cruisers, rather than individually powerful ships. Welcome to Forces Reunited the place where you can find information and friends from HMS Hawkins.. We are the largest and fastest growing community of UK forces veterans on the web with over 500,000 members! The ships were scheduled for disposal in 1936, but rising international tensions caused their retention. Hawkins was recommissioned in 1932 for service on the East Indies Station, but returned to reserve three years later. HMS Hawkins (Photo Ships, click images to enlarge) Back to Log Book Home page. Related content. The heavy cruiser D86 H.M.S. , Hawkins was powered by four Parsons geared steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft using steam provided by a dozen Yarrow boilers, four of which were coal fired. HMS Frobisher, a Hawkins-class cruiser around which the Washington Naval Treaty limits for heavy cruisers were written. June 8th - Focus: Hawkins-class cruisers The Big List Today Im going to fulfill an old promise to mr3awesome, among others, to eventually do these ships. Launched in 1917, the ship would go on to serve as the flagship of the 5th Light Cruiser squadron based in the Eastern theatre, as well as the flagship of the 2nd Wing based in the Atlantic. HMS HAWKINS. The ship had a metacentric height of 4 ft (1.2 m) fully loaded. The ship was disarmed in 1937–1938 and converted into a cadet training ship in 1938. Her light anti-aircraft armament was greatly augmented by the addition of two quadruple two-pounder mounts and the exchange of a pair of two-pounder single mounts for seven single 20 mm (0.8 in) Oerlikon AA guns. Shortly afterwards, Hawkins was transferred to Force T which had been formed to support the British invasion of Italian Somaliland with gunfire from Hawkins and three other cruisers in addition to the aircraft of the carrier Hermes. HMS Hawkins was a Hawkins -class heavy cruiser of the Royal Navy. At the end of the year, the ship returned home for a lengthy refit.  In 1947 she was used for target trials to test the effectiveness of 500-pound (230 kg) and 1,000-pound (450 kg) bombs, and was bombed by Royal Air Force Avro Lincoln bombers from an altitude of 18,000 feet (5,500 m) off Spithead in May. Hawkins was placed back in reserve that year and was used for bombing trials in 1947. Although the Hawkins class were the first heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy, they were designed as improved versions of the Birmingham sub-class of the "Town" class light cruisers, thus they were initially known as the "Improved Birmingham" type. Tier 5 Premium - HMS Hawkins (Hawkins Class Heavy Cruiser) Commisioned: 1919. HMS York - York class heavy cruiser. , The guns of the first three Hawkins-class ships to be completed, Vindictive, Raleigh and Hawkins, were controlled by a mechanical Mark I Dreyer Fire-control Table.  The ship recommissioned as a heavy cruiser in January 1940 and was assigned to the South American Division of the North America and West Indies Station. Thus, a uniform battery of 7.5 inch calibre was adopted, controlled by the innovation of director firing. Hawkins carried only the 12 pounder anti-aircraft (A/A) guns, her sisters having two (Raleigh) or three (Frobisher, Effingham) QF 4 inch Mark V guns on mountings HA Mark III. With the conversion of her sister, HMS Cavendish, to become the aircraft carrier HMS Vindictive, HMS Hawkins became the name ship of her class. En route, the carrier's aircraft bombed the port of Mogadishu in Italian Somaliland on 2 February. CU. In 1929, Hawkins had her 12 pounder guns replaced by an equal number of the same model of 4-inch (102 mm) guns as her sisters. 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