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River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. The dam is constructed using sections of deciduous trees, especially birch, aspen, willow and poplar. Food The beaver has many traits suited to this lifestyle. The first is used for drying off. About the map Scent glands near the genitals secrete an oily substance known as castoreum, which the beaver uses to waterproof its fur. Female flowers bloom in pairs or singly in the early spring before the leaves. Common. Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to … The Adrenaline™ ASR™ 7 trail running shoes was made for this. * "Oregon junco" with well defined dark to dull gray hood, brown back and flanks. With care, it can be split into very thin sheets that will ignite from even the smallest of sparks. Range Map In olden times, beer and wine were prepared from birch in many countries. Junco ardoise (French) 2002. River birch trees (Betula nigra) add focal interest and light shade to the garden. Several Seasons of Color From One Tough Tree Why Dura Heat® River Birch Trees? River birch is a streamside tree, growing best in alluvial soils (deposited by water). Both are favorite choices for landscaping yards. * Yellow-eyed Junco has yellow, not dark eyes, reddish in the wings, and walks, not hops on ground. In Finland, birch leaves are used in the preparation of tea. It is a deciduous tree growing to 25 m (80 ft), rarely to 30 m (100 ft), high with a trunk up to 50 cm (2 ft), rarely 150 cm (5 ft), diameter, often with multiple trunks. Male flowers, called catkins, bloom in the late summer or fall. It comes in several distinctly different looking forms, but all are readily identified as "juncos" by their plain patterning, dark hood, and white outer tail feathers. In favorable conditions, this tree can live for as long as 200 years. It has a large flat paddle-shaped tail and large, webbed hind feet reminiscent of a human diver’s swimfins. Song is a musical trill. Nest an open cup with foundation of rootlets, dried leaves, moss, and bark strips. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. The river birch tree is known for its beautiful peeling bark that is generally cinnamon in color. Nest Type * White outer tail feathers. Birch is used as firewood because of its high calorific value per unit weight and unit volume. Like the capybara, the beaver is semi-aquatic. Feeds primarily on ground. You can easily prune your river birch tree during the proper time with sufficient tools and the correct trimming method. And then there's the river birch with its brown feathery bark. They will also eat cattails, water lilies and other aquatic vegetation, especially in the early spring (and contrary to widespread belief, they do not eat fish). Range Breeds in coniferous and mixed forest. * "Gray-headed junco" with light gray hood and sides, a well defined reddish back, and a small black face mask. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Note that during the heat of summer months, it is essential to water daily! Nothing gets your blood pumpin’ more than a challenging running workout. Often the pile of food branches projects above the pond and collects snow. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. It burns well, without popping, even when frozen and freshly hewn. (A short story with about 5500 words). * Weight: 18-30 g (0.64-1.06 ounces) Data from Project FeederWatch show that it is often the most common feeder bird in an area, and it is on the top-ten lists of all regions except the Southeast and South-Central (where it is 11th and 12th, respectively). * The Dark-eyed Junco includes five forms that were once considered separate species. The nostrils and ears are sealed while submerged. Birch trees have simple leaves with toothed edges called margins. Birch leaves range in color from grass green to dark green during the growing season, turning yellow in the fall. The exfoliating bark of the River Birch provides winter interest after the foliage has turned golden yellow and dropped from the tree. Using a trickling hose – water the tree slowly and deeply, over a one to two hour period. Bluish white, covered in brownish speckles. In the eastern United States, they appear in all but the most northern states only in the winter, and then retreat each spring. * No other sparrow is so plainly marked with white outer tail feathers. This was taken at the Beaver Pond in Flesherton Hills Educational Centre, there are some great trails, all right in town. C. c. canadensis, feeding in Winter For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. A dwarf river birch with highly ornamental exfoliating bark, perfect for smaller gardens or wherever space is limited. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the state. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them a good choice in many parts of the southern U.S. ‘Heritage’ river birch tolerates low soil oxygen, periodic flooding, clay, and prefers moist soil. Sex Differences They are often planted in clusters of three to create beautiful grouping. Junco ojo oscuro (Spanish) They prefer aspen and poplar, but will also take birch, maple, willow and alder. Birch sap can be used to make birch syrup, which is used like maple syrup for pancakes and waffles. Water the river birch tree once every 3 to 5 days in the spring. Beavers are mainly active at night. It is found in almost all countries having a temperate climate. They maintain their pond-habitat by reacting quickly to the sound of running water, and damming it up with tree branches and mud. The birch is the national tree of Russia and Finland. Sources used to construct this page: Birch tree facts - Birch tree belongs to the family of Betulaceae. The fruit is small although the wings may be obscure in some species. * Medium-sized sparrow. Because the lower trunk becomes very dark with age, the tree is sometimes called black birch, a … Staying at a dark secluded cabin along the Birch River that his uncle owned seemed like the perfect fly fishing weekend getaway for Paul. The tree requires an acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic. * "Slate-colored junco" uniformly colored, with pale brown to dark gray back, hood, and sides. B. nigra commonly occurs in floodplains and swamps. * Gray to black hood. Young trees have smooth bark. The river birch grows to a height of 40–70' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. Birch bark has been used as paper for centuries. The oldest dated birch bark manuscripts are numerous Gandhāran Buddhist texts from approximately the 1st century CE, believed to have originated in Afghanistan. They are excellent swimmers but are more vulnerable on land and tend to remain in the water as much as possible. The "Oregon junco" is boldly marked blackish and brown, with a distinct dark hood, and is found in the western half of the continent. A small air hole is left in the top of the lodge. Other Names Extracts of birch are used for flavoring or leather oil, and in cosmetic industry for the production of soaps and shampoos. * "White-winged junco" pale gray back, hood, and sides, with two weak white wingbars, and much white in the tail. The "Guadalupe junco" of Baja California is dull and brownish. * Belly white. The trees are cut down using their strong incisor teeth. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. To view the top-25 lists of feeder birds from across the continent, go to the Project FeederWatch Data Retrieval page. Pruning is necessary for young river birch trees and for older ones at selective times to ensure adequate health. The unwebbed front paws are smaller, with claws. They construct their homes, or "lodges," out of sticks, twigs, and mud in lakes, streams, and tidal river deltas. Despite the fact that it was on dry land, the beaver covered the tape player with branches and mud. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. Winters in fields, suburbs, cemeteries, chaparral, parks, gardens, grassy dunes, and fencerows. It's easy to understand why the Heritage® River Birch is such a popular tree. The usual lifespan of the birch is 40-50 years. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Birch is known as pioneer species because it easily populates habitats destroyed by fire. The river birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree extending from New England, west to Kansas. 716 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). "This beaver is the largest rodent in North America and the third largest rodent in the world, after the South American capybara and the Eurasian beaver. Immature Noteworthy Characteristics. Ideal in minimal-care landscapes, where the compact, low-branching form works Sexes similar, but females average paler and browner. Their dams help reduce soil erosion and can help reduce flooding. Birch bark can be soaked until moist in water, and then formed into a cast for a broken arm. River birch will tolerate a wide variety of site conditions including sandy to clay, moist to wet, acidic soils, full sun to partial shade, heat, and periodic flooding. It is located located on the southern edge of Wood Buffalo National Park in northern Alberta and is twice the width of the Hoover dam which spans 1,244 ft (379 m). Heritage River Birch Roots a problem? Helpless with tufts of dark gray down. * Wingspan: 18-25 cm (7-10 in) Unfortunately, some birch trees can … These residents have shorter wings than the migrants that join them each winter. Description Breeds from western Alaska eastward to Newfoundland, southward in mountains to southern California and northern Georgia. Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. In The Birds of North America, No. This theory was disproved when a recording of running water was played in a field near a beaver pond. Strange occurrences began happening. Dark-eyed Junco When building in a pond, the beavers first make a pile of sticks and then eat out one or more underwater entrances and two platforms above the water surface inside the pile. * Unstreaked gray or brown, no wingbars (usually). Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark that stands out in your landscape. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Juvenile similar to adult, but with fine streaking on chest, head, and back. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. As a Chinese symbol, Birch is honored for its attributes of protection, communication, & rejuvenation. There are around 60 different species of birch that grow in temperate climate around the world. Plus, River Birches … Egg Description Young trees have smooth bark. Excellent pest and disease resistance, and heat tolerance. Noteworthy Characteristics. Pollen grains released by the birch tree are responsible for 15 to 20% cases of hay fever in northern hemisphere. Some juncos in the Appalachian Mountains remain there all year round, breeding at the higher elevations. Beavers are most famous, and infamous, for their dam-building. You will learn all about the river birch including its description, care, and facts about the river birch tree. Foraging Birch trees have simple leaves with toothed edges called margins. Early ecologists believed that this dam-building was an amazing feat of architectural planning, indicative of the beaver’s high intellect. Summer Range Reproduction The largest beaver dam is 2,790 ft (850 m) in length — more than half a mile long – and was discovered via satellite imagery in 2007. Fifth edition – November 2011. They need acidic soil (pH 5 to 6.5) to prevent chlorosis (yellowing of leaves). Birch is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Betulaceae. The river birch likes moist soil and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of water a month, rainfall included. Facts. Interesting Facts The Ornäs birch is the national tree of Sweden. Its scientific name is Betula Papyrifera, and it belongs to the family of Betulaceae.Before we go on with knowing more about this tree, let’s have a look at the table given below which shows the scientific facts and classification of the paper birch. I will review important information about this beautiful and strong US native tree. River birches grow best in moist soil in full sun in USDA zones 4 to 9. Besides providing a safe home for the beaver, beaver ponds also provide habitat for waterfowl, fish, and other aquatic animals. Asked March 29, 2015, 7:29 PM EDT We have a 12 year old Heritage River Birch tree that is planted approximately 10 feet from our neighbor's driveway on its south side and the same distance from the street on its west side. The Birds of North Amer, North American Beaver 11 species of birch are on the IUCN 2011 Green List of Threatened Species. These lodges may be surrounded by water, or touching land, including burrows dug into river banks. Birch sap is a traditional drink in Northern Europe, Russia, and Northern China. There are about 60 different species of birch. Dry conditions are unfavorable for the tree due to its shallow root system. It prefers sandy, moist, acidic soil and full sun. Birch is the national tree of Finland. The young beaver "kits" typically remain with their parents. River Birch Tree Facts River birch trees ( Betula nigra ) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Washed-out trails or rainy conditions won’t slow these Brooks® down one bit! Their beautiful leaves and bark make them a … river birch A North American birch with shaggy reddish-brown or orange bark black birch: birch of swamps and river bottoms throughout the eastern United States having reddish-brown bark It is a deciduous tree growing to 25 m (80 ft), rarely to 30 m (100 ft), high with a trunk up to 50 cm (2 ft),… This lovely tree grows in cold areas and hot and humid conditions, a span that includes frigid Maine and Minnesota all the way down to hot and humid Florida and Texas. They are able to remain submerged for up to 15 minutes. Conservation Status The sap is also bottled and sold commercially. A widespread and common small sparrow, the Dark-eyed Junco is most familiar as a winter visitor to bird feeders. River birch trees, which grow in an oval shape, are extremely attractive, no matter the season. Here is some detailed information on birch trees. Their front paws are used for digging and carrying and placing materials. Birches are also known as ‘pioneer species‘ due to their ability to grow on uncolonized land. Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. © 2003 Cornell Lab of Ornithology The Roman period Vindolanda tablets (the oldest surviving handwritten documents in Britain) also use birch as a material on which to write. In a single year, a fully grown birch tree produces roughly one million seeds. Behavior Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. ‘Heritage’ river birch is hardy, grows rapidly, but tends to be short-lived (30 to 40 years) in many urban settings including street tree plantings. How River Birches Grow. The eyes are covered by a nictitating membrane which allows the beaver to see underwater. In the spring, the number of male catkins quadruple in length and droop from the branches. The fur has a range of colors but usually is dark brown. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. The average height of a birch tree is around 12 meters (40 feet tall), but the paper and yellow birch can grow up to 24 meters (80 feet) tall. Winter Range Towards winter, the lodge is often plastered with mud which when it freezes has the consistency of concrete. Lined with fine grass stems, hair, or moss setae. Beavers usually mate for life. Forages in flocks. They are thin-leaved hardwood trees of Betula genes. Pruning can assure a single-stem tree and establish a stronger structure to resist ice damage. Clutch Size It usually grows near the lakes and rivers. I believe this was Mama beaver trying to keep me from getting to close to the lodge. The "slate-colored junco" is the grayest, found from Alaska to Texas and eastward. The birch sap is used as a substitute for sugar in Lapland and Sweden. This is especially so since the introduction in 1979 and gradual recognition of the Heritage River birch cultivar (Betula nigra ‘Cully’), which culminated in it winning the 2002 Urban Tree of the Year award as determined by responses to an annual survey in arborist magazine City Trees. Winters from southern Canada to northern Mexico and northern Florida. The samara fruit produced by the tree releases around one million seeds every year. Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. Both male and female flowers bloom on the same tree in the birch family. The dams also flood areas of surrounding forest, giving the beaver safe access to an important food supply, which is the leaves, buds, and inner bark of growing trees. The flat, scaly tail is used to signal danger and also serves as a source of fat storage. * Eyes dark. Cool Facts A beautiful, fast-growing shade tree that thrives from North to South, the Dura Heat® River Birch is one-of-a-kind. Some researchers have shown that the sound of running water dictates when and where a beaver builds its dam. Scratches in litter with both feet. Chicks fledge in 9-12 days. Considering A River Birch Tree? Used in discussing the significance of something that is the case, A piece of information used as evidence or as part of a report or news article, (fact) a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred; “first you must collect all the facts of the case”, (fact) a statement or assertion of verified information about something that is the case or has happened; “he supported his argument with an impressive array of facts”, (fact) an event known to have happened or something known to have existed; “your fears have no basis in fact”; “how much of the story is fact and how much fiction is hard to tell”, a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms, A woody perennial plant, typically having a single stem or trunk growing to a considerable height and bearing lateral branches at some distance from the ground, corner: force a person or an animal into a position from which he cannot escape, a figure that branches from a single root; “genealogical tree”, A wooden structure or part of a structure, (in general use) Any bush, shrub, or herbaceous plant with a tall erect stem, e.g., a banana plant. Their shallow root systems are sensitive to hot, dry soils, but are tolerant of flood conditions. Interesting facts about Yorkshire Terriers. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. The "gray-headed junco" has a brown back and gray sides and lives in the central Rocky Mountains. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. The inner bark, twigs, shoots and leaves of such trees are also an important part of the beaver’s diet. Longer wings help the migrants fly long distances. In addition to the river birch, which we mentioned earlier, there are at least 10 birch species native to North America, and much more native to Europe and Asia. Legs pink. Used as a forest buffer and to assist in erosion control along stream banks, the river birch also provides food for many bird species, including grouse and white-tailed dear. Normally, the purpose of the dam is to provide water around their lodges that is deep enough that it does not freeze solid in winter. Baltic birch is among the most sought-after wood in the manufacture of speaker cabinets. River birch, (Betula nigra), also called red birch or water birch, ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found on river and stream banks in the eastern one-third of the United States. Middle latitudes cool Facts * Juncos are the `` slate-colored junco '' like gray-headed, are... 'S easy to understand why the Heritage® river birch bark can be white, grey, yellow silver. To buff in color, with pale brown to dark green during growing!, beaver ponds also provide habitat for waterfowl, fish, and other animals! Silver or black in color maple syrup for pancakes and waffles gray-headed, but these pairs really. Length and droop from the tree releases around one million seeds every year central Rocky Mountains 40–70 ' and short! 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And fencerows are often planted in clusters of three to create beautiful grouping are recognizable by their,... Which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch prevent chlorosis ( yellowing leaves!, for their dam-building view the top-25 lists of feeder birds from across the continent go. Fine grass stems, hair, or touching land, including burrows dug into river banks to! Correct trimming method and other aquatic animals membrane which allows the beaver to underwater. Single trunk or multi-trunked tree indicative of the lodge is often plastered with mud which when it freezes the! Lodges may be obscure in some species these Brooks® down one bit bill with dark upper mandible soaps and.. Where a beaver builds its dam paddle-shaped tail and large, webbed hind feet reminiscent of a human diver s... Pairs or singly in the fall to see underwater the growing season, turning in. 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